Sustainable development


The preservation of our countryside.

The preservation of our countryside.

This has always been a priority at Château PENIN and for more than 30 years we have been taking actions in favour of the balance of ecosystems. The farm configuration is divided into two distinct but complementary environments: grassed /worked (farmed) areas and woodland areas.

Grassed and worked areas

Grassed and worked areas

A little less than 90% of the total area of ​​the estate. (Vines, headlands, inter-row, flowery fallows, meadows, paths and ditches)

Woodland areas

Woodland areas

A little more than 10% (Hedges, isolated trees, groves and woods) and an important carbon footprint offset. It is important to specify that the protection of our landscape heritage goes through an eco-responsible management and must imperatively take into account the viability of our operation.

Our requirements

Create and maintain hedges and groves most often found on the edge of the vineyard plots, but also spread over the entire estate.

These woodland areas help us to contribute to the offset of our greenhouse gas emissions and our overall carbon footprint.

In addition, they actively contribute to the variety of landscapes and helps to sustain a rich and diverse wildlife.

n addition to the natural woodland space, nesting boxes (birds, bats and insects) are deployed to increase pressure on certain vineyard pests.

  • Bats will consume moths, responsible for grape worms
  • Birds will consume up to 8000 caterpillars to feed their young.

The undergrowth rich in organic matter (leaf fall, dead wood) contributes to the control of pests and diseases of the vine by creating refuge areas for crop auxiliaries (ladybirds, hoverflies, lacewings, beetles, etc.).

Maintaining a permanent plant *cover between rows in the vineyard is an ecological solution but also an economical one. This practice makes it possible to limit soil erosion, to regulate water infiltration, but also to reduce the vigour of the vines through a competitive effect.

The level of organic matter in the soil will naturally increase. It is an important food source that stimulates the development of soil microflora and fauna (earthworms). In addition, this plant cover creates biodiversity, (many insects feed on it).

We also cultivate areas of flowered fallow as a supplement.

* The principle is to keep grass cover on 1 out of 2 or 3 and to change it every year. The non-grassed rows are cultivated mechanically. This alternation makes it possible to naturally diversify the flora. All of our soils have complete plant cover during winter to protect them from rainfall induced soil erosion.

Manage a meadow for the spreading of wine effluents. This highly regulated practice is part of an individual spreading plan.

Les rejets vinicoles sont très riches en matière organique et sont bénéfiques pour la prairie.

In order to let the microorganisms, dissolve the intake, we observe a 4-week waiting period before resuming a pasture (We are graciously providing this meadow to a neighbour who has horses.)